Home Health Law Start Harm Claims: Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy | Medical Negligence and Private Harm Weblog | Kingsley Napley

Start Harm Claims: Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy | Medical Negligence and Private Harm Weblog | Kingsley Napley

Start Harm Claims: Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy | Medical Negligence and Private Harm Weblog | Kingsley Napley


‘One of the devastating issues that may end result from medical mismanagement throughout labour and supply is hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy(Ok McCombe and D G Bogod).

Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy (HIE) is a time period used to explain mind injury attributable to an absence of oxygen (hypoxia) and / or a diminished quantity of blood reaching a child’s mind. HIE can happen throughout being pregnant, delivery or shortly thereafter.

Some causes can embrace umbilical twine compression, placental abruption, shoulder dystocia (the place a child’s shoulders turn out to be caught throughout labour), uterine rupture, an infection and placental insufficiency. There are three classes of HIE – gentle, average and extreme. The longer the interval of oxygen deprivation, the more severe the injury may be.

HIE can come up from a delay in recognising fetal misery or a failure to ship a child shortly sufficient as soon as that is recognised. In these circumstances there could also be a declare for medical negligence.

Claims can contain a spread of practitioners together with midwives and obstetricians. Anaesthetists are additionally typically concerned if there are allegations that offering anaesthesia for a caesarean part was delayed.

Whereas oxygen deprivation occurs mostly earlier than or throughout delivery, it’s also doable for HIE to come up following a delivery, for instance as a consequence of a coronary heart downside.  

HIE can develop in a matter of minutes and have devastating lifelong impacts for the new child child and its household. Infants can develop different circumstances related to HIE together with cerebral palsy, epilepsy, listening to and visible impairments, and respiratory and orthopaedic circumstances.

Signs of hypoxia previous to or after delivery can embrace an irregular fetal coronary heart sample, issues with feeding, and a child being born blue or floppy. Apgar scores – a check given to all newborns – can present a sign of hypoxia. Different assessments could also be undertaken to evaluate any mind injury similar to an MRI scan. It will be important {that a} analysis is made shortly in order that remedy may be thought of and commenced. If there’s a failure to diagnose HIE then, once more, there could also be a declare for scientific negligence.

These with gentle HIE usually get well nicely however the place the situation is average or extreme, there a larger threat of irreversible injury to the mind. Different organs can be affected.

One of the efficient remedies for HIE is therapeutic hypothermia, also referred to as mind cooling. This should be given very shortly after delivery (inside six hours) to be efficient. The remedy includes cooling a child’s temperature to 33.5 levels Celsius for 72 hours. Infants must be monitored fastidiously throughout this course of as issues can happen, similar to with blood strain management.

Early Notification Scheme

The place a child is recognized with HIE because of an incident surrounding their delivery, then there may be prone to be an investigation by the NHS as a part of the Early Notification Scheme (ENS). Extra details about that is accessible on our ENS web page and we provide a free session to all households going via this course of.

Authorized claims

If accidents from HIE had been suffered because of medical negligence then there could also be a declare to get well compensation for the wants of the child going ahead, together with care, diversifications to lodging, specialist gear, therapies and schooling. Our medical negligence crew at Kingsley Napley are specialists in claims involving HIE and supplies a delicate and supportive service in addition to the best degree of authorized recommendation. You’ll be able to examine a few of the Start Harm instances we’ve acted in on our case research web page.

The place a child has died, a solicitor might be able to help with illustration at an inquest.

Please contact our crew on 020 7814 1200 for a free no obligation dialogue in case you have any issues about medical remedy associated to a delivery.


Peeps HIE is a charity offering help to these affected by HIE. Extra info may be discovered on their web site.

Additional Info

In case you have any questions or issues in regards to the points raised on this weblog, please contact Aideen McGarry or any member of the Medical Negligence and Private Harm crew.


In regards to the Writer

Aideen McGarry is a Senior Affiliate within the Medical Negligence and Private Harm Division. Aideen has expertise engaged on high-value scientific negligence and private damage claims.




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